This article covers the security authorization terms used in the United States of America. Government security authorization levels are a mechanism to determine which individuals are authorized to access confidential or classified information. These levels often appear in job postings for defense-related jobs and other jobs that involve substantial liability, such as air traffic control posts or nuclear energy. Different organizations of the United States Federal Government use different terms and letters.
Many government agencies in the United States of America can issue security authorizations. Authorization controls and the granting of authorizations are carried out by the U. S. Office of Personnel Management.
Despite the common misconception, a position of public trust is not a security clearance and is not the same as a confidential designation. Certain positions that require access to sensitive information, but not to classified information, must obtain this designation through a background check. Positions of public trust can be of moderate or high risk. As long as the holder of an authorization is sponsored, the authorization will remain active.
If the owner loses the sponsorship, they can return to work with the same authorization for up to 24 months without re-investigating, after which an updated investigation is required. To access information at a given classification level, the sponsoring government organization must have granted access to people at that classification level or at a higher classification level, and they must need to know the information. The government also supports access to SCIs and SAPs, where access is determined based on the need to know them. These accesses require greater research requirements before access is granted.
The Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) conducts personnel security background investigations for the State Department and other federal agencies. These investigations provide information for the DSS to determine the eligibility of an applicant or current employee for national security. The DSS carries out more than 38,000 staff safety actions each year for the Department of State and other federal agencies. All Executive Branch agencies use these guidelines when determining their eligibility for national security.
Negative conclusions cannot be drawn solely on the basis of mental health counseling; The DSS considers all reliable and available information about a person (past and present, favorable and unfavorable) when determining their eligibility for national security. The DSS will grant national security eligibility only when the information demonstrates that such eligibility is clearly consistent with the interests of the United States. Any questions will be resolved in favor of the U. S.
UU. A favorable interim determination allows the applicant to begin work before the full background investigation is completed and before the DSS makes the final determination of fitness to meet national security requirements. In exceptional circumstances, the contracting office may request an interim determination; The DSS may be able to make an interim determination after reviewing a complete security package and, after certain investigative checks, obtaining favorable results. If the applicant's interim determination is denied, additional investigative work must be done before a final decision is made; The denial of an applicant's interim determination has no negative implications for the applicant's final determination of national security eligibility.
Employees are subject to new research based on their level of security clearance; The DSS notifies the employee when it's time to re-investigate. The employee submits an updated security package and the DSS conducts a background investigation; The research will cover key aspects of the applicant's life since the previous background investigation; Certain issues may need to be readdressed as more information or patterns develop; Learn more about the continuous evaluation program. The purpose of a security authorization is to allow a person to access classified national security information; However, when the State Department's mission has compelling reasons, immigrant, foreign and foreign employees with special experience may, at the discretion of the State Department, have limited access to classified information only for specific programs, projects, contracts, licenses, certificates or grants; The Department of State's Office of Global Talent Management determines whether a position will require security clearance, as well as the level required, based on duties and responsibilities of position and using OPM job designation tool; Public trust determinations are requested for applicants whose positions will require access to information at high or moderate risk levels depending on duties and responsibilities of position; A publicly trusted background investigation will include many aspects of full security clearance investigation; A security authorization allows person in specific position to have access to classified national security information including level of authorization they hold provided that person has “need to know” information and has signed confidentiality agreement; Security clearances only apply to positions that fall under purview of federal government; Executive Order 12968 Access to Classified Information states that security authorizations are only granted to individuals employed detailed or assigned to or who work on behalf of federal government; Hiring process addresses whether someone will be initially selected for particular position within Department of State; Security clearance process does not begin until after conditional offer employment is made; There are circumstances in which limited record checks or investigation into spouse or cohabitant can be conducted; Usually person is subject new investigation approximately every five years obtain secret or top secret authorization; There are several reasons denying security authorization; Honesty frankness thoroughness very important factors process obtaining security authorization; Each case evaluated individually using National Security Adjudicatory Guidelines determine whether granting or maintaining right to security authorization is clearly consistent with national security interests.